The annual meeting of the American College of Gastroenterology was held from Oct. 20 to 25 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, and attracted participants from around the world, including gastroenterology and digestive disease specialists and other health care professionals. The conference featured presentations focusing on clinical updates in gastroenterology and hepatology as well as the latest advances in digestive health and gastrointestinal disorders.
In one study, Wissam Ghusn, M.D., of the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, and colleagues found that the use of semaglutide for obesity results in significant weight loss outcomes and decreases the atherosclerosis cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk of patients with obesity.
In a multicenter retrospective study of patients with a body mass index ≥27 kg/m2, 10-year ASCVD risk at baseline and one year after semaglutide initiation was calculated. The researchers observed a decrease in 10-year ASCVD risk, from 7.6 to 6.3 percent, after one year of semaglutide use. Decreases were also seen for blood pressure (by 9.3/4.9 mm Hg), total cholesterol (by 9.5 mg/dL), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (by 6.6 mg/dL), triglycerides (by 23.0 mg/dL), fasting glucose (by 23 mg/dL), and hemoglobin A1c (by 0.72 percent).
“Considering the fact that patients with obesity are more prone to develop cardiovascular diseases, this medication is able to target both obesity and cardiovascular health, improving health care outcomes in terms of morbidity and mortality,” Ghusn said.
One author disclosed financial ties to the pharmaceutical industry.
In another study, Yuhan Fu, D.O., of the University of Louisville in Kentucky, and colleagues found that combined oral contraceptives (COCs) are associated with an increased risk for developing new-onset irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
In a population-based cohort study, the authors used TriNetX, a global federated research network, to assess a group of women, aged 15 to 45 years, who received COCs before 2018 and a control group of age-matched women who received copper intrauterine device insertion before 2018. The researchers found that patients who were prescribed COCs had higher risks for developing new-onset IBS and its subtypes, including IBS with predominant constipation, IBS with predominant diarrhea, and IBS with mixed bowel habits.
“COCs are associated with higher risks of developing IBS and its subtypes,” the authors write. “Further research would be necessary to elucidate the role of estrogen and progesterone on the development and progression of IBS.”
Amy Yu, M.D., of the University of California in San Francisco, and colleagues found that the use of low-dose aspirin (LDA) among pregnant women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) for prevention of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) is not associated with an increased risk for disease flare.